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Root Canal Therapy: What Is It, Diagnosis, Treatment & Its Benefits

A root canal dental procedure is frequently necessary when a tooth becomes infected or damaged. During the procedure, the injured or infected pulp inside the tooth is removed, the root canal is cleaned and sterilized, and the empty area is filled with a substance that will stop the spread of infection. We shall discuss the root canal procedure and its advantages in this article. 

What Is A Root Canal?

A root canal is a dental operation in which the pulp (the soft tissue inside the tooth), which is infected or damaged, is removed and replaced with a filling material. The pulp supplies the tooth with nutrition through its nerves, blood vessels, and connective tissue. If the pulp infected or injured by decay, trauma, or other causes. It can produce excruciating pain and, if ignored, could result in tooth loss.

To reach the pulp during a root canal, the dentist or endodontist (a specialist in root canal therapy) will first numb the surrounding area of the problematic tooth. The damaged or infected pulp will be removed using specialized tools, and the root canals (small, thin channels extending from the pulp to the tip of the root) will be prepared to fill them. The dentist will next seal the opening with a filling or crown to safeguard the tooth after filling the root canals with gutta-percha, a substance that resembles rubber.

Root canal therapy has a high success rate and frequently prevents the extraction of a damaged or infected tooth.

What Are The Signs That You Need A Root Canal?

The following are indications that you could require root canal therapy:
  • Pain: The most typical symptom is a painful toothache, which worsens when you press on the tooth that is afflicted.
  • Sensitivity: tooth sensitivity to heat and cold, even after the temperature source has eliminated.
  • Gum inflammation: gum enlargement and sensitivity close to the afflicted tooth.
  • Discoloration: The tooth could darken or take on a dark hue.
  • Abscess: a little bump on the gums next to the tooth that resembles a pimple and indicates an infection.
  • Cracks or chips: The tooth may have visible cracks or chips, which might cause an infection and inflammation.

It’s crucial to visit a dentist as soon as possible if you encounter any of these signs. A root canal may required to save the tooth and avoid future harm.

What Are The Steps Involved In A Root Canal Procedure?

Teeth that have developed an infection or inflammation are repaired with a dental treatment known as a root canal.

A root canal procedure typically entails the following steps:
  • Examination and X-ray: To assess the severity of the injury, the dentist will inspect the tooth and take X-rays.
  • Anesthesia: A local anesthetic will numb the region around the injured tooth.
  • Access: The dentist will cut a tiny hole in the tooth’s crown to access the pulp chamber and root canals.
  • Removal of infected tissue: The dentist will carefully remove the infected or inflamed pulp tissue from the root canals using specialist equipment.
  • Cleaning and shaping: small devices will used to clean and shape the root canals to remove any last bits of debris and prepare anadolu escort them for filling.
  • Filling: Gutta-percha, a rubber-like substance that seals the root canals and keeps bacteria out, will fill the canals.
  • Restoration: A temporary or permanent filling will placed in the access hole to seal the tooth before a permanent restoration, such as a crown, can implanted.
  • Follow-up: You must schedule a follow-up appointment with your dentist to have a permanent replacement placed and monitor the tooth’s health.
  • A root canal procedure often requires two or more consultations and lasts one to two hours overall.

Benefits Of A Root Canal In London Ontario; 

The inside of a tooth’s root is cleaned out during a root canal procedure. A root canal may sound terrifying.

But the procedure has some benefits:
  • Pain relief: Pain reduction is the main advantage of having a root canal. An infected or damaged tooth may be extremely uncomfortable. A root canal can reduce discomfort, eliminating the infection’s origin.
  • Save the tooth: A tooth that normally needs to be pulled may be saved with a root canal. After removing the infected or damaged tissue, a filling or crown can restore the tooth.
  • Improved oral health: A root canal has additional advantages for your oral health. An infection spread from the tooth to the neighboring teeth and gums can cause additional dental problems. These issues can avoided by having a root canal, which can stop the infection from spreading. 
  • Cost-effective: A root canal can typically save a broken tooth more affordably than tooth extraction and replacement choices like dental implants.

Overall, people who have a damaged or infected tooth or are in discomfort from their teeth might benefit greatly from having a root canal. It is crucial to speak with a dentist to ascertain whether a root canal is the best course of action for your particular case.

What Are The Risks Of A Root Canal?

Root canals have potential dangers, just like any medical surgery. The likelihood of major problems is minimal.

 Following are a few potential side effects of a root canal:
  1. Infection: Although root canal therapy is designed to eliminate the infection, there is a little possibility that bacteria could stay and lead to a new infection. Antibiotics can used to treat this.
  2. Pain: Although receiving a root canal procedure can be difficult, it often doesn’t hurt much worse than getting a filling. Typically, pain can controlled with over-the-counter or prescription painkillers.
  3. Swelling: The region around the treated tooth may occasionally swell. Ice and medication can alleviate this, as it is typically only temporary.
  4. Nerve damage: The operation may have a temporary or long-term impact on the nerves in the tissues nearby. The lips, tongue, or chin may become numb or tingly due to this, which is uncommon.
  5. Fracture of the tooth: Root canal-treated teeth are more prone to breaking than healthy teeth. By covering the tooth with a crown, this can avoided.

Overall, root canal therapy is a secure and successful way to save a decayed or infected tooth. Before the operation, your dentist or endodontist will review any possible hazards with you.

Cost Of Root Canal In London Ontario 

The cost of procedure a root canal in London Ontario, can vary depending on several factors, such as the extent of the damage to the tooth, the location of the dental practice, and the dentist’s experience. On average, a root canal in London, Ontario, can range from $500 to $1,500 per tooth. However, the cost can increase if the tooth requires additional procedures, such as a crown or filling. It’s important to note that some dental insurance plans may cover a portion of the cost of a root canal procedure. It’s best to consult with a dental professional to determine an accurate estimate for the cost of a root canal in London Ontario.


If you experience a severe toothache or other signs of a fractured or infected tooth, you need to see your dentist. The root canal surgery preserves your natural smile while safely and effectively treating cracked or infected teeth. You can better care for your dental health by knowing the procedure’s advantages.

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